Photovoltaic Noise Barriers

An efficient way of noise prevention by application of photovoltaic modules was first demonstrated in Switzerland in 1989. Later, the solution was applied also in some other European countries. Different photovoltaic noise barriers can be built considering motorway features, barrier construction, the height of the barrier, and other factor influence (environment etc.). Modules are fixed on the main barrier (a wood or a solid barrier) in different ways, such as vertical, tilted fixed as a zigzag construction etc.

Photovoltaic noise barrier along A13 in Switzerland

In 1989, TNC installed the world's first photovoltaic noise barrier alongside the motorway near Chur, Switzerland, stretching just under a kilometer. More than 20 years later, the system is still in operation and delivers more than 100 MWh of electricity annually to the public grid.

Name and location PV noise barrier along A13, Switzerland
Operates since 1989
Rated power 100 kW
Annual yield 100 MWh
Number of modules 2208 Kyocera modules
Total PV area 968 m2
Module mounting Tilt angle 45°, 25° toward E
Utility interconnection Siemens central inverter

TABLE 1: Photovoltaic noise barrier along A13, Switzerland, technical data


PV noise barrier A13, Switzerland, credit: pvresources PV noise barrier A13, Switzerland, credit: pvresources

Photovoltaic noise barrier along A13, Switzerland
(Image credit: pvresources)

Photovoltaic noise barrier at the A9-motorway, the Netherlands

large photovoltaic (PV) energy system has been integrated into a noise barrier at the A9-motorway near Ouderkerk aan de Amstel (Amsterdam), the Netherlands. The PV-system consists of 2160 modules with module inverters.

Name and location PV noise barrier along A9 motorway, the Netherlands
Operates since 1996
Rated power 220 kW
Annual yield 176 MWh
Number of modules 2160 Shell Solar cSi modules
Total PV area 2200 m2
Module mounting Tilt angle 50°
Utility interconnection 2160 module inverters

TABLE 2: Photovoltaic noise barrier at the A9-motorway, technical data


PV noise barrier A9, the Netherlands, credit: pvresources PV noise barrier A9, the Netherlands, credit: pvresources

PV noise barrier at the A9-motorway, the Netherlands
(Image credit: pvresources)


Photovoltaic Noise Barriers Worldwide

Power
 
Location  [1] Description  [2] On Grid Picture
2.65 MW de Germany,
Aschaffenburg
Noise barrier A3
Image courtesy: Ralos
2009 Noise barrier Aschaffenburg, courtesy Ralos
1 MW de Germany,
Bollberg
Thuringia
Noise barrier along motorway 2015
1 MW de Germany,
Töging am Inn
Noise barrier A94 2007
833 kW it Italy,
Oppeano
Noise barrier S.S. 434 Transpolesana
Image courtesy:
FAR Systems
2010 Noise barrier Oppeano, courtesy FAR Systems
730 kW it Italy,
Marano d'Isera
Noise barrier A22
Image courtesy:
FAR Systems
2009 Noise barrier Marano, courtesy FAR Systems
600 kW de Germany,
Freising
(Munich)
Noise barrier A92
Image courtesy: Gehrlicher Solar
2003-2009 Noise barier Freising, courtesy Gehrlicher Solar
365 kW de Germany,
Freiburg
Noise barrier B31 2006
283 kW de Germany,
Bürstadt
Noise barrier B57
Picture courtesy: SolarArt
2010 Noise barrier B57, courtesy SolarArt
216 kW nl The Netherlands,
Amstelveen
Noise barrier A9
Image credit: pvresources
1998 A9 noise barrier Amsterdam, credit pvresources
180 kW de Germany
Vaterstetten
Noise barrier along railway tracks 2004
123 kW ch Switzerland,
Melide
Noise barrier Gothard Motorway 2007
104 kW ch Switzerland,
Giebenach
Noise barrier A2 1995
103 kW ch Switzerland,
Domat/Ems
Noise barrier A13
Image credit: pvresources
1989 A13 noise barrier, Switzerland, credit pvresources
103 kW ch Switzerland,
Gordola
Noise barrier along railway
1992
101 kW at Austria,
Gleisdorf
Noise barrier A2 2001
100 kW de Germany,
Sausenheim
Noise barrier A6 1999
90 kW de Germany,
Biessenhofen
Noise barriere Nestle facility 2010
80 kW ch Switzerland,
Zumikon
Noise barrier Forchstrasse, Zumikon 2014
80 kW ch Switzerland,
Safenwil
Noise barrier A1 2001
63 kW fr France,
Foquiere
Noise barrier A21 1999
60 kW de Germany,
Saarbrücken
Noise barrier A620
40 kW + 20 kW
1995
55 kW nl The Netherlands,
Utrecht
Noise barrier A27 1995
53 kW de Germany,
Emden
Noise barrier A31
Image courtesy: EWE AG
2003 A31 noise barrier, courtesy EWE AG
40 kW at Austria,
Seewalchen
Noise barrier A1 1992
30 kW de Germany,
Ammersee
Noise barrier A96 1997
30 kW de Germany,
Rellingen
Noise barrier A23 1992
28 kW de Germany,
Großbettlingen
"Stoiadler III" noise barrier 2006
24 kW au Australia,
Melbourne
Tullamarine-Calder Interchange, Essendon Airport, Melbourne
Image courtesy: Climate Managers
2007 Noise barrier Tullamarine- Calder Interchange, Essendon Airport Melbourne, courtesy Climate Managers
12 kW ch Switzerland,
Münsingen
Bifacial PV noise barrier along railway 2008
10 kW ch Switzerland,
Zürich, Aubrugg
Noise barrier A1, first bifacial PV noise barrier 1997
9.6 kW ch Switzerland,
Zürich, Walliselen
First photovoltaic noise barrier along railway tracks 1998
7.544 kW de Germany,
München, Pasing
Transparent noise barrier
Image credit:
ertex solar
2013 Transparent noise barrier, München, Pasing, courtesy ertex solar

Notes

[1] Power is specified in MWp if DC array power is known. If DC array power is unknown than output power is specified. In some cases it is unclear if the power plant power is output or DC array power.
[2] Not all of mentioned PV noise barriers are still in operation. List is not complete. All entries are given "as is" without warranties of any kind.

Additional Information

TNC - der Hochschule Strom statt Lärm - Photovoltaik Schallschutz.

Books

book
Prasad, D., Snow, M.: Designing with Solar Power: A Source Book for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV); Earthscan, London 2005, ISBN 1-844071-47-2.

Reports

text
Eiffert, P., Kiss, G.J.: Building-Integrated Photovoltaic; Designs for Commercial and Institutional Structures - A Sourcebook for Architects, NREL/BK-520-25272, February 2000.
text
Borg, N.J.C.M, Jansen, M.I.: Photovoltaic noise barrier at the A9-highway in The Netherlands - Results of the monitoring programme; Nuon International, European Commission, 2001.
text
Thermie B Project: EU PVNB POT: Evaluation of the potencial of PV noise barrier technology for electricity production and market share; Project Number: SME 1479-97, Final Report Volume 1, TNC Gmbh, 1999.
text
Thermie B Project: EU PVNB POT: Evaluation of the potencial of PV noise barrier technology for electricity production and market share; Project Number: SME 1479-97, Final Report Volume 2 (Annex), TNC Gmbh, 1999.

Papers

text
Clavadetscher, L. and Nordmann, Th. (2004), PV on noise barriers, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Volume 12, Issue 6, pages 485-496, September 2004.
text
Clavadetscher, L. and Nordmann, Th. (1999) 100 kWp Grid-Connected PV-Installation along the A13 Motorway in Switzerland - Plant Monitoring and Evaluation - Operation and Maintenance, Annual Reports for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy, 1990 to 1999. Project No. 32046.
text
Nordmann, Th. et al. (1998) Integrated PV Noise Barriers: Six Innovative 10 kWp Testing Facilities - A German Swiss Technological and Economical Success Story! 2nd World Congress and Exhibition on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion, Vienna 1998.
text
Nordmann, Th. et al. (1997) Eight Years of Operation Experience with two 100 kWp PV Soundbarriers, 14th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 1997.
text
Reiche, K. et al. (1997) Integrated PV-Soundbarriers: Results from the International Competition and Realisation of Six 10 kWp Testing Facilities, 14th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 1997.
text
Hille, G., Reiche, K. (1996) Potential der Photovoltaik auf Lärmschutzwänden an deutschen Verkehrswegen. 11. Symposium Photovoltaische Solarenergie. Staffelstein, Germany, 1996.
text
Nordmann, Th. and Götzberger, A. (1995) Motorway Sound Barriers: The Bifacial North/South concept and the Potential in Germany, 13th European Photovoltaic and Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, 23rd-27th October 1995, Nice, France, p. 707-709.
text
Nordmann, Th. and Götzberger, A. (1994) Motorway Sound Barriers: Recent Results and New Concepts for Advancement of Technology, IEEE First World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, Hawaii, December 1994, pp. 766-773.